Skip to main content

About your Search

20121001
20121009
STATION
CNN 8
CNNW 8
MSNBC 4
MSNBCW 4
WETA 3
CSPAN 2
FBC 2
KPIX (CBS) 2
WMPT (PBS) 2
WUSA (CBS) 2
CNBC 1
CSPAN2 1
KGO (ABC) 1
( more )
LANGUAGE
English 68
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 68 (some duplicates have been removed)
research poll taken after the debate shows 67% of registered voters believe mitt romney had a better night. 25% said president obama. a cbs poll says 46% of uncommitted voters said romney had the stronger performance. 22% said it was the president. the headline in this mornings usa today, romney seizes offense on obama's record. romney takes fight to obama. after a handshake in the middle of the stage and talk of the president's 20th wedding anniversary, they got down to business with details on taxes and debt and what is best for this country's middle class. >> this is where there's a difference because governor romney's plan calls for a $5 trillion tax cut on top of the bush tax cuts and military spending that the military hasn't asked for. it's $8 trillion. how we pay for that, reduce the deficit and make the investments we need to make without dumping those costs on to middle class americans is one of the central questions to this campaign. >> under the president's policies, middle income americans are buried. they are being crushed. their income has come down by $4,300. this is a tax
's not going to be because of big bird? >> first of all, as governor romney pointed out last night, the mayo clinic is a private institution run by people privately who do things efficiently, which is very different than the federal government, which has rampant waste. i helped co-author a book called "stop paying the crooks" a few years ago which pointed out in new york state medicaid, 10% of the money goes to pay for fraud. >> we're talking about medicaid, not medicare. >> medicare's the same problem. >> i'm jumping in. unlike jim last night, i mean it when i jump in. >> i'm very proud of you. we're proud of you. >> you will be unsurprised to hear you have been speaking more, newt. not by a lot. when we come back, jennifer will get her lion's share of the time to respond to it and we will have more red meat to toss on the barbecue, including the future life or death of big bird. a speed bump! [ wife ] a beached whale! lawn clippings! a mattress. a sausage link. mermaid. honey!? driftwood. come on, you gotta help us out here a little. [ male announcer ] febreze eliminates odors and leaves c
between president obama and mitt romney. the republican nominee is widely seen as the winner of last night's debate while even the president's strongest supporters now concede he was not at the top of his game. and now the president is back out there on the campaign trail. he's getting ready to speak at a rally over at the university of wisconsin in madison. we're goingo be hearing from him live this hour. but first, listen to what he said about mitt romney at a rally earlier today before he left denver. >> when i got on to the stage, i met this very spirited fellow who claimed to be mitt romney. [ laughter ] but it couldn't have been mitt romney because the real mitt romney has been running around the country for the last year promising $5 trillion in tax cuts that favor the wealthy. the fellow on stage last night said he didn't know anything about that. the real mitt romney said we don't need anymore teachers in our classrooms. don't boo, vote. [ cheers and applause ] but the fellow on stage last night, he loves teachers. can't get enough of them. the mitt romney we all know invested in
] but the fellow on stage last night, he loves teachers. can't get enough of them. the mitt romney we all know invested in companies that were called pioneers of outsourcing jobs to other countries. but the guy on stage last night, he said that he doesn't even know that there's such laws that encourage outsourcing. never heard of them. never heard of them. never heard of tax breaks for companies that ship jobs overseas. he said that if it's true, he must need a new accountant. now, we know for sure it was not the real mitt romney because he seems to be doing just fine with his current account. so you see, the man on stage last night, he does not want to be held accountable for the real mitt romney's decisions and what he's been saying for the last year. and that's because he knows full well that we don't want what he's been selling for the last year. >> president obama at that rally in denver earlier today. very, very different from what we saw in the debate last night. watch this. >> the last point i'd make before -- >> two minutes is up, sir. >> i think i had five seconds before you interrup
for all of our kids. >> mitt romney last night's debate talking about education as governor of massachusetts. duval patrick followed romney as governor. he's co-chairman of the obama campaign and one of the president's staunchest defenders. what did he make of president obama's debate performance? he joins me now. governor, the general consensus seems to be your man took one hell of a shellacking. >> i think the president had a good debate but i think romney had a better one, to tell you the truth, especially on style points. we know governor romney from our time here in massachusetts, his time here in massachusetts. we know him to be a very effective salesman and he was selling. the problem is what he was selling won't actually do what he says it will do. it will not grow opportunity from the middle out. >> tell me this, though. i remember when we spoke at the dnc convention, you said, you made a big speech, we talked about it afterwards, time for the party to show some backbone. by party, obviously including the president. last night he didn't seem to have any backbone wha
. that is not very attractive so when mitt romney goes on the tube last night and does what he does, it reassures the american people he is someone they can trust. this happened in 1919, when jimmy carter led ronald reagan and he painted ronald reagan as a warmonger and someone who could not be trusted and when they had their debate and ronald reagan came across as confident and reasonable the bottom goal out for jimmy carter. >>neil: what is the delay effect on a debate if there is, karl in a lot can change, with the lighter colored states not being as red or blue as they can be and the what do you look for? >>guest: well, i would not use the work prohibitively. since april, the president's list of hard states that are strongly in his column, that has dropped while mitt romney's is green. this is a very close race. if you look at the 91 polls that had have been in 30 days, thing of that, 91 national polls the margin between the two men is over 2 percent. by comparison, during that same period in 2004, there were 41 polls in the bush and kerry race and public's lead was 5.2 percent and "new york
it was unbelievable for the wrong reasons for governor romney this was a night i think expired this constory that there is someone in governor romney not only capable of doing the things necessary to get this country back on track but there is a governor who is prepared, detailed. he came out ready to go for the american people and with almost 60 million people watching tonight i think he gave the american people what they -- what the respect they deserved. >> since you're the inside track there is for instance, do you know where paul ryan is tonight? where he watched? >> do you know what? i've got paul's schedule and i don't remember where he finished tonight. and this is -- i may talk with him tomorrow but this is a big night and a big night because governor romney delivered a specific bold plan with vision. and the president was just not inspired tonight. i'm not sure why he would show up unprepared and not ready to go but that is what he did. this is going to be remembered i think for years still to come. this is a day an incumbent president showed up not ready. >> mike murphy tweeted to
guess is that an% were partisan-- that 10% were partisans. and i read that romney had a good night, but no evidence of change in the game. we will have to wait a couple days whether it changed the game. walmart sponsored focus groups with a democratic polling firm and others and it suggested that among walmart moms, it was a win for romney. the people in the group were divided between a win for romney or a tie. it says they were disappointed with the president's performance. they don't believe he made the case for our and other four years would be different or better. but it made the point that neither one of these guys really connected with voters on a personal level, but clearly the romney did a superior job of debating. so we will see a lot of reviews over the next few days. i think the key thing for us to watch is there's no question romney won the debate. the question is how much does this change things? in terms of national polls, he's going to get a few points out of this. but the more relevant points, does the move ohio and does he moved the swing voters in the swing states
of people have pointed out what a liar mitt romney is and was last night. i mean, if he was talking, if he was speaking last night, he was lying. look, mitt romney had a good night, but, you know, even, you know, a blind squirrel gets a nut every now and then. >> it's the old classic a broken clock is right twice a day. >> so the argument is that president obama was so shell-shocked, i guess he got up there on the podium he was so shell shocked he couldn't believe the lies coming from mitt romney he didn't know how to respond for two hours. >> that's ridiculous. >> don't you think the voters would prefer the president's team to say you know what? he had an off night. he overprepared. underprepared too busy being president. mitt romney a liar that's the best you can do. >> maybe mitt romney did really well. congratulations to you. i can't wait to get to october 16th when we can try this again. >> you thought so much of the primary season mitt romney was running to the right of the party saying he was severely conservative all of these things he was saying to say how conservative he was. he
. apparently there are reaction polls what do they base it on? they seem romney had a good night. that is the immediate reaction but if you are met romney at a minimum, the fear or the panic among the base now you can say calm down. the race is on and so are the debates. and then october 22nd is the final one. fox will cover each and every one. we will fix our technical bugs. we are on top of your money. it matters. now matter what. it matters. we here for you. music is a universal language. but when i was in an accident... i was worried the health care system spoke a language all its own with unitedhealthcare, i got help that fit my life. information on my phone. connection to doctors who get where i'm from. and tools to estimate what my care may cost. so i never missed a beat. we're more than 78,000 people looking out for more than 70 million americans. that's health in numbers. unitedhealthcare. you see us, at the start of the day. on the company phone list at's a few names longer. you see us bank on busier highways. on once empty fields. everyday you see all the ways all of u
? where was the president? president obama last night. >> well, first of all, i think he gave mitt romney that iv. he probably saw all of the kleenex and the tears that the republicans were wasting over mitt romney and decided, you know what, i'm going to give this guy a helping hand. no. the honest truth is that the president had a bad night, but despite all of that, i don't think that mitt romney, you know, knocked it out of the ballpark. mitt romney is much better at these debates. he is well rehearsed. no matter whether it's with eight colleagues, when we saw in the republican debate or with one person, but, you know what, i think mitt romney's answers will get him -- land him in hot water. his response on taxes. even, you know, not accurately telling the american people how many people are unemployed. his own health care plan. >> how do you think the president actually will address a lot of those things? why didn't the president? there were a number of misstatements, and i have been talking to democrats who say, you know what, we're really hoping those fact checkers will set the reco
this was romney's night. romney did very well, and he was able to, i think, articulate well why it is someone with great business experience is what we need to turn this economy around. neil: i know last time we chatted, governor, you had said that it was important for mitt romney to bring it to the president, and not only to see an electoral argument -- you didn't say it, but i'm paraphrasing -- is passionate argument in other words to show why a change in leadership is so important or that he could lose this thing. do you think that tonight he did that? >> well, he did that, but, neil, to be honest with you, i was still hoping that both of these candidates would be able to explain to the american public the economic woes that we are in right now and the gravity of the situation that our debt is causing. we are drowning. we are a country facing bankruptcy that will forever change the american landscape, and neither candidate really articulated, i think, quite passionately strongly the gravity of the situation, but having said that, romney still did a heck of a lot better job than president o
night for mitt romney and one you're going to see the president's team have to go back to the drawing board a little bit for the second debate. >> two points here. number one, in 34 separate states voting has already been under way before tonight's event started. number two, for those interesting -- interested in a thorough fact checking of all the withering facts on both sides we heard tonight, that segment will be coming up in just a bit. andrea mitchell is heading up our team working on that. tom brokaw is another member of our team in the arena, in denver. and tom, the conventional wisdom has a way of kind of bubbling up these days during the event. and i imagine one of the plot lines tomorrow will be here's mitt romney, as we said, energized, coming right from the game. he has been in an active, very active campaign heretofore, and the president has been on the job in that realm during this whole time. >> well, governor romney did spend a lot of time preparing for this debate, and it paid off. he had a well-organized narrative. he knew his brief. and this was the candidate that t
in this country. >> reporter: last night romney did something he refused to do before. disavow the ntroversial comments denigrating 47% of americans who don't pay income taxes. >> in this case i said something that's completely wrong. and i absolute believe my life has shown that i care about 100%. and that's been demonstrated throughout mlife. >> reporter: in the past romney was only willing to say those comments were inelegant now he's calling them flat wrong. it's a mea culpa on wednesday night but president obama never brought the comments up, to the surprise of both campaigns. >> on that note after the president's performance on wednesday, some democrats say his campaign needs a wake up call. bill plante is here with that part of the story. you've been talking to their sources. what are they saying? >> they are upset and outraged. they blame the president's team first of all for not preparing him to meet the challenge of an aggressive mitt romney. they say that nobody in the room challenged him, including the guy that he was debating with, john kerry because as they say he wants to be sec
not reacted to that speech by mitt romney. but last night at a major fund-raiser in los angeles, he was flexing his foreign policy muscles right off the top of his remarks, he was talking about how he ended the war in iraq, how he's winding down the war in afghanistan, how he's gone after terrorists, how he got osama bin laden. those are just some examples, says his campaign, of strong leadership. as president obama honored civil rights icon cesar chavez -- >> the movement he helped to lead was sustained by a generation of organizers who stood up and spoke out and urged others to do the same. >> reporter: his campaign worked to shred gop nominee mitt romney's foreign policy chops, rolling out this hard-hitting web ad reminding voters of what they called stumbles on the world stage. >> governor romney not too long ago said, the russian federation is our number one strategic threat. come on, think. that isn't the case. >> reporter: and this tv ad now running in the important battleground state of virginia. >> when our u.s. diplomats were attacked in libya, "the new york times" said ro
-mail. people saying it was a pretty darn good night for mitt romney. >> it was a collective and calmer smooter romneyen than we see on the trail. i have been traveling with the campaign when he gets interacts with reporters. he's more rigid and today was the mitt romney that is friends that his closest associates tell us they see. the guy who is calmer, who can make a joke in the beginning, who can deliver a line and who can talk about these issues with clarity and not someone rambling, you know, parts you see him give on the stop. >> are we wrong in assessing watching the debate that romney had a strong performance. >> it's more than that. mitt romney had the night of his life. there's a level playing field in the race. i'm getting e-mails from around the country top "politico" people saying this is a new race. democrats very quiet tonight. republicans gleeful. the best e-mail i got somebody said the president almost looked annoyed that he had been president for the last four years. not only did mitt romney win with the people who were listening, with the clear, crisp, presentation of the d.a
'brien, tomorrow night, 8:00 p.m. eastern on cnn. >>> the duel in denver is in the history books. mitt romney seemed to get momentum in the 2012 campaign. has this changed the game? we'll talk about it. i took day, but i still have a runny nose. [ male announcer ] truth is, dayquil doesn't work on runny noses. what? [ male announcer ] it doesn't have an antihistamine. really? [ male announcer ] really. alka-seltzer plus cold and cough fights your worst cold symptoms, plus has a fast acting antihistamine to relieve your runny nose. [ sighs ] thank you! [ male announcer ] you're welcome. that's the cold truth! [ male announcer ] alka-seltzer plus. ♪ oh what a relief it is! ♪ [ male announcer ] try new alka-seltzer plus severe allergy to treat allergy symptoms, plus sinus congestion, and pain. >>> 21 minutes past the hour now, and this just in. the obama campaign says it raised $181 million in the month of september, with more than 1.8 million people donating. the campaign is trumping donors who gave a small amount. 98% of the donations were $250 or less. joining me now is brett o'donnell, f
it helped some, but the person who helped governor romney most was governor romney. on wednesday night, he was before almost 70 million people, a lot of them undecided voters trying to make up their mind. he made a very clear case that, you know, he is someone who can connect. i thought the thing that was most shocking to me was the fact that the governor -- you know, the president has said to be better liked, more likable, better able to connect with voters, and it seemed to me as though the governor did a better job at doing those things on wednesday night than the president. so i think he helped himself tremendously. >> i want you to take a look at this poll with me. this is a quinnipiac poll. there it is. there you go. likely voters, who cares about the needs and problems of the people like you was the question. obama 60%. romney 46%. what do you make of those numbers? >> i think we'll have to see how those numbers change over the course of the next few weeks i don't know that those numbers actually reflect what voters got to see. the president has been the president for four years. by
for president obama? >> steve: what should mr. romney do come wednesday night out in denver . we'll share the comments later on in the telecast. >> gretchen: next a warning for parents. u.s. about to face a massive diaper shortage. i am glad i am out of the diaper stage. >> eric: how john 23rd shaped the catholic church and world as we know it. ♪ ve lately. but because of business people like you, things are beginning to get rolling. and regions is here to help. making it easier with the expertise and service to keep those wheels turning. from business loans to cash management, we want to be your partner moving forward. so switch to regions. and let's get going. together. >> eric: quicked had lines. are we headed for a world wide diaper shortage. there was a chemical explosion in japan and production has come to a halt. that creates 1-fifth of the world's diapers. strong winds from a typhoon in japan picked up a car and sent it flying . the winds clocked at 80 miles per hour. steve? >> steve: i come out and how did the car get there? october the commencement of the 2nd vatican counsel.
, and his complaint inability to bring washington together to get anything done? i think the more romney can stick to the facts, the more trouble obama will be in tomorrow night. >> greta: what do you expect tomorrow night, in terms -- if people think this will be a huge event? or is this one debate of many, it is chipping away? and what is interesting, i think that afterwards, the pundits and the analysts -- and maybe i will be doing it, calling calling whd who lost? >> look, i think it's a very clear-cut situation. romney has to go in and be very clear and very factual and stick to his grounds. he has to recognize he's up against the incumbent president. obama will try to over-awe him. romney has to be able to stick straight, not flinch, not back off and recognize he will be double teamed. the fact is, jim lehrer is part of the cultural left. so romneyville to communicate pastlerrer and past obama to reach the american people. if he does that, i think he could have a very good night. i think you could see a very different races by thursday morning. >> greta: why do you think jim lehrer wil
on a day-to-day basis. i think what this video goes to -- mitt romney will bring this up tomorrow night. he will talk about the statements that the president made about his own tax plans and the things that the president's on the record, whether or not he has been truthful. he will bring up a video like this and he will ask the question about whether or not the president, who presents himself as the guy who represents everyone is really the guy who ran in 2008 and who he is now. >> i am interested it see that. i would be curious to know if mitt romney will bring it up. he will be asked about it. if not in the debate, another appearance. does he want to go where john plk cane, famously didn't go. >> sure! >> he has to make a calculation of whether or not it helps the campaign. if you are the romney folk, i am not sure you plan it out this way. obviously, potentially, it is potentially more damaging to mitt romney. but does he want to own this and make the same argument? john mccain had that opportunity and decided not to do it. >> i think you do it subtly and go to the credibility thing -- >
of this jobs report. yesterday we had governor romney pointing out that workforce participation has gone down, saying that fewer people are even looking for work. that's part of why the report has changed. also his advisers reporting that last night that a significant portion of this gain in the or decline in the unemployment rate has to do with folks who are taking part-time jobs. these aren't new career, the big kind of robust job creation the romney campaign says is necessary. their strategy has been to sort of kick things back towards the debate, focus on a point governor romney made during the debate to say that president obama doesn't really have a plan to encourage broad-based job creation. this is governor romney last night here in florida. >> he got a chance to explain his jobs program, how he's going to create new jobs in america. did you hear what he had to say? i didn't, either. . i kept looking for a specific plan as to what he was going to do to create jobs. i heard more of the same. stimulus, hiring more government workers, raising taxes. those things don't create jobs, they co
creation. this is governor romney last night here in florida. >> he got a chance to explain his jobs program, how he's going to create new jobs in america. did you hear what he had to say? i didn't, either. . i kept looking for a specific plan as to what he was going to do to create jobs. i heard more of the same. stimulus, hiring more government workers, raising taxes. those things don't create jobs, they cost jobs. >> reporter: alex, that's base you cannily what we're expecting to hear again tonight this, idea that one report is great but it's not the same thing as a strategy. we expect governor romney to continue to hammer that point this evening. >> i got to say i want to give him props for his comedic timing there. quickly there the conspiracy theories, publicly mr. romney, he's staying above the fray. but what are they saying? are you hearing anything privately about this? >> reporter: the campaign strategy when it comes to the conspiracy theories is to say we're going to deal with the numbers as they exist. they have not gone out of their way to knock it down or stand by the n
believe what we hear and what we've read in the last few days, this is the night for romney to hit a home run. he has a hit a home run. others said he needs to show himself as likable. i don't believe any of that. i think the choices in this election are so clear cut. what i'm looking for here is substance over form. we elected the likable guy in 2008. now we need to see that someone has a track record of performance in whatever it may be if you look at governor romney of course it's his state, it's the olympics, and of course it was his business experience. if we look at president obama, we've got to really look seriously at what's occurred over the last four years. in business as you both very clearly know, we rate people every year. we give them an appraisal. it's time to give president obama an appraisal. >> what do you want to hear from romney tonight to actually make that case to make sure accountability is there? >> i think governor romney actually needs to show us the strategy that i know that he has. i don't -- i'm not looking for nuts and bolts, maria. but this is the vision of
%. but this number does deprive romney, norah of one of his chief rallying cries out on the campaign trail. he says it all the time. and he said it as recently as his closing statement in the debate wednesday night. that this economy has been above 8% unemployment for 43 months. he can't say that anymore. >> interesting thing about this the unemployment number like gas prices has a clear metric that you can look at. below 8% is a way to measure something, at least for one report. >> reporter: that's right. of course, we've got one more report to go before the november election which will come out right before election day. and the white house watches these numbers so carefully. they get nervous days in advance about them. they knew these numbers yesterday. so they had to be happy then even though they were having a terrible day out on the campaign trail because of the way that the president's performance in the debate wednesday night. >> nancy, i want to ask you something that jack welch, former ceo of general electric tweeted this morning. he is a romney supporter. unbeliev
the "friday night lights" reference. hard for me to say anything criminal about that but mitt romney looked dishevelled, sweaty. those stories of how he worked with some of his brethren in the mormon church are moving and a lot of us thought, why has this not been a foundational aspect of your campaign. the new illustration on the corner of the new yorker shows mitt romney debating with an empty chair. a referendum on the president's performance. that said the president raised $181 million in september and unemployment is below 8%. >> the problem for the president isn't what's happening with the int interpretation of what's happening. perception becomes reality. i didn't think his debate performance was terrible. if uh you look at the gallup numbers since the advent of television debates i don't think polling shows great shock to what's deemed a negative performance. but when you have a big bad moment, a youtube cli clip or a sound bite that hurts you that can reverberate. i don't see anything in the debate or the empty chair that will stick with him for a long time. the problem is the medi
night after night. i can't always say the same. >> that was president obama during a los angeles fund-raiser last night acknowledging that his debate performance didn't live up to hollywood standards. governor romney is trying to keep his debate act alive shedding his wooden image for a more human mitt. he told the emotional story of helping a young member of the mormon church who was dying of leukemia. >> through all this david had the kind of strength and courage and maturity you see in so many of our young people, so many of the people in this great nation of ours. i thought of the wonderful slogan later, clear eyes, full heart, can't lose. >> joining the panel now ar ari melver of the nation and nicholas cantasori of the new york times t. yes. >> that's who he is. >> let's talk about the strategy. the president, just forget about wednesday. think about friday. mitt romney forget about friday, remember wednesday. who is selling themselves better this week in your opinion? >> mitt romney is doing a great job shaking the etch-a-sketch. this is the candidate he meant to be. >> or hope
people saw the other night was governor romney, a man who is confident in his plan, who has a plan, and who wants to lead this country forward. and so the majority of people who i talked to in ho had is backed up by the polls think john kasich is responsible for that; not the president. >> pete: attorney general, we'll leave it there and let us know as things go on in ohio. keep us up to date. we appreciate it and thank you for your service. >> thank you. >> pete: think terror training camps are only located in places like pakistan? think again. our next guest has proof that radical muslims are train to go wage jihad right here in our own backyard. and we've seen a lot of nascar crashes. but this one is unbelievable. what triggered this massive pileup ahead. look at that [ male announcer ] how do you make america's favorite recipes? just begin with america's favorite soups. bring out chicken broccoli alfredo. or best-ever meatloaf. go to campbellskitchen.com for recipes, plus a valuable coupon. campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. >> pete: welcome back with quick headlines. h
, was doubling down on policies, but ultimately, performance wise, this was a strong night for mitt romney. >> david muir, we saw the big smile on mitt romney immediately after the debate. some results already coming in, romney's odds going up. >> yeah, that smile spills relief on romney's face tonight. within the campaign, too, george. in fact, i got a text before the debate was over from a key adviser who said "mission accomplished." the governor looked to put the president on the defensive. they think that was accomplished here tonight. also, you heard governor romney right out of the gate come out here and talk about a woman that he met on the trail in a last couple of days, talking about economic hardship. that was another hurdle that romney tried to cross, connecting with average problems facing americans, not a surprise that he talked about women on the trail and in key states, key battleground states, what they believe that as you mentioned, george, no knockout punch here tonight, but it was a strong performance from the governor when he needed it most. >> all right, david and jake
ad campaigns which have been so successful. i thought on balance it was a good night for mitt romney. griewd what did you think about that, mark? >> i was amazed the 47% didn't come up. i think what we saw more than anything the rust from the president not having been in a debate, quite frankly, for four years. and i thought that mitt romney, the challenger always, with the president, gets an advantage, just by being there on the same stage and beeb at least equal. i thought that romney did quite well in making his case. he seemed comfortable. he seemed confident. he didn't seem mean spirited. i was amazed the president didn't rebut the the $716 billion charge. it's a phony charge. it's been-- i mean, it's been fact checked after fact checked, and the president-- that's why i say the rust. i didn't think he counter-punched well. even though they were talking about issues that are the president's strengths. i mean i thought the president did better on education. i thought the present did better on medicare and when he put a personal face on it with his grandmother, the autistic family
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 68 (some duplicates have been removed)